Red Spruce

Image: Miami University

Scientific name: The scientific name is Picea rubens.

Height: The height of the Red Spruce can grow to 60-80 feet tall and 1-2 feet in diameter.

Soil: This tree loves well-drained rocky soil.

Leaves: The leaves are 1/2 inch. They are dark green with yellow tinge , stiff and are prickley to touch.

Fruit: The fruit has reddish brown cones.

Flower: The male and female flowers open in May. The female flowers are green with a bit of purple. The male flowers are bright red.

Seeds: The cones are reddish brown.They fall off in the summer. They are 1 1/2 to 2 inches long.

Bark: The bark on mature trees is thick and broken into reddish brown irreguler shapes.

Wood: The wood is used for paper and Christmas trees.

Interesting Facts: The Red Spruce can live as long as 400 years . Spruce gum is obtained largely from this tree. The Red Spruce was the raw material for the chewing gum industry in Maine during the late 19th and early 20th century.  The Red Spruce grows best in cool weather and needs a lot of sun.