White Pine

Image: Maine Tree Club


Scientific name: Pinus strobus

Height: This tree grows from 80 to 100 feet tall.

Soil: The white pine likes well drained soil.

Bark: This tree may have brown spots. Older trees have thick, very dark flat ridges with shallow cracks which gives it its rough texture.

Leaves: This rapid growing tree's bluish green needles are 3 to 5 inches long and are whitish on one side.

Flower: The White Pine's cones are its fruit.

Seeds: White Pine gets its seeds from the inside of a pine cone

Wood: The white pine's wood is soft. The Native Americans used the inside bark as an emergency food supply. It was also used as telephone poles, doors, windows, boards for coffins, crates, boxes and boats.

Interesting  Facts:  The white pine is the only tree with five needles in the U.S.A. and Canada. The five needle bunches spell out white.  A large portion of birds live in the white pine. Bald eagles nest in the white pine; other birds live in its cavity.  This tree prefers not to live in cities or near roads because it cannot survive in pollution, salt, drought, or other chemicals.

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